Gone are the days when agriculture was an activity in the hands of the farm. This is becoming a business and investment that is exciting and that has attracted professionals and people from all walks of life. Not only has it become a well-paid profession, but also one that employs the use of the latest technologies. Among the technologies that have stood out is the automation technology with a great focus on robots and robotics.
Part of these trends and changes have been necessary due to the growing demand for food supplies. Recent studies have shown that farmers around the world have yet to meet the current demand for food. In addition, demand is likely to increase further in the next 2 or 3 years. To meet this demand, farmers need to improve their game.
The automation of agriculture is to reduce the amount of manual intervention required to complete agricultural activities. These activities can be of different nature, either for the harvest or any activity that includes the care of crops or animals.
The introduction of agricultural robots will go a long way towards saving the food shortage situation. Several agricultural robots, such as drones and automatic tractors, have been designed and deployed in different parts of the world’s agricultural economies. Currently, there are also different cobots, such as those used for milking cows, which are used in different parts of the world.
Better applications of robots used in agriculture
These are agricultural robots that help accelerate agricultural tasks that would otherwise be boring and seem repetitive to humans. The end result is a rapid production process. The following are the best applications in agriculture;
Robots to weed crops and fumigation.
Dealing with weeds either by spraying or simply weeding can take a long time, especially when done by a human. There is also the waste that occurs during the process because it can cause damage to the main crop during the disposal of waste or the wasting of the herbicide while it is spraying. The weeding robots have come to make this process much faster and cheaper. But how does this happen? Through micro-spraying technology, robots significantly reduce the amount of herbicides or insecticides that would otherwise be wasted if humans performed the same activity. Using this technology, robots can detect the main area that needs spraying and, therefore, do not need to waste time or resources spraying the entire environment.
There are some robots that are programmed to detect weeds and destroy them automatically as a weeding tractor advances.
Robots for Fertilization and Irrigation
As in weeding, irrigation robots reduce the amount of water that is wasted by watering only the parts of a plant that are important; which in most cases is only the base area of the plant. This method is economical, unlike traditional irrigation methods that normally used thousands of liters just so that a large amount of this water would be wasted.
Use of robots for planting crops
Many plants start as a seed. If it is not nourished properly from the first stages, it is possible that the seed does not even sprout. Modern robots allow the planting of crops by carefully evaluating and determining the most appropriate terrain for them to sprout and even survive. Then place the seeds in this exact place, which reduces the chances of waste of seeds. Each seed is sown in an environment where it has a high chance of growing in a plant.
Robots for milking
Livestock has not been excluded either; Universal Robots recently launched a robot known as UR5. This is a robot that helps in spraying a disinfectant on the udders of the cows before the milking session. There are also a number or robots used to milk cows, especially in agricultural and other farms to weigh and package milk and milk products.
From the point of view of things, robots will continue transforming and revolutionizing agriculture in an important way. Food production will be a business based on techno like many others. As the adoption of agro-robots increases, agriculture will change and the food supply will also increase. This is definitely a trend to consider now and in the future.